Language ARts

Cheri Dohrmann | Mel Hrencher | Heather Smith

Freshman English (Grade 9)


Freshman English builds upon students’ prior knowledge of grammar, vocabulary, word usage, and the mechanics of writing and includes the four aspects of language use: reading, writing, speaking, and listening. This course introduces and defines various genres of literature, with writing exercises often linked to reading selections.

Advanced Freshman English (Grade 9)


Advanced Freshman English is a more intensive, rigorous class which builds upon students’ prior knowledge of grammar, vocabulary, word usage, and the mechanics of writing and includes the four aspects of language use: reading, writing, speaking, and listening. This fast-paced course not only introduces and defines various genres of literature, but focuses on digging deeper within these selections to analyze, compare, and contrast, and utilizes writing exercises linked to reading selections to move beyond the basics while working more independently.

College English (Grade 12)

1 high school credit/6 college credit hours | Composition 1: 3 hours & Composition 2: 3 hours

Following the College Board’s suggested curriculum designed to parallel college-level English courses, composition and literature courses enable students to develop critical standards for evaluating literature. Students study the language, character, action, and theme in works of recognized literary merit; enrich their understanding of connotation, metaphor, irony, syntax, and tone; and write compositions of their own (including literary analysis, exposition, argument, narrative, and creative writing).

Grammar Techniques (.5 Credit | Fall)

This course is an in-depth review of the elements of grammar while focusing on the structure of the formal standards of the English language. Short readings illustrate the basic elements and the beauties of grammar and style. Short writing assignments offer students opportunities to practice the lessons of the course.

Sci Fi/Fantasy Fiction (.5 Credit | Fall)

This course will focus on science fiction and fantasy literature, which often concerns journeys: long, life-transforming journeys beyond the lands we know, into uncharted or nonhuman territories that are faraway, enticing, and yet forbidding too. Fantasy often focuses on the voyage from home, the immersive, transformative trip from the familiar to the magical. Students will explore this genre through novels, short stories, and writing.

Short Story (.5 Credit | Fall)

This course will focus on learning how to read and assess stories - primarily short literary works, but also short films and short novels - carefully and critically. Genres and authors represented will vary, but the focus will be on shorter literary works. Students will learn to respond to these short works in both writing and discussion.

Young Adult Literature (.5 Credit | Fall)

The transition from childhood to adulthood (ages 12 to 18) is a popular topic in literature. Using relatable content in young adult literature, this class will explore the drama, angst, and controversial topics that surround this time in a person’s life. Students will explore this topic through short stories, movies, and short novels through discussion and writing. .

Book Club (.5 Credit | Spring)

This individually-focused class enables students to explore topics of interest related to literature and allows students to explore a topic in greater detail and develop more advanced skills. In this class, students will be allowed to choose some of their own reading materials and gear those readings toward their own interests. They will practice writing and analysis skills using their books as a guide.

Creative Writing (.5 Credit | Spring)

This course offers students the opportunity to develop and perfect their technique and individual style in poetry, short story, drama, essay, and various forms of prose. Students will read exemplary representations and authors to study form and craft while writing their own original pieces.

Mythology (.5 Credit | Spring)

This course will focus on the many myths and legends woven into cultures around the world and how those legends are often portrayed in literature. The course will begin with an overview of mythology and folklore and move into more in-depth readings and discussions of these popular stories.

Sports Literature (.5 Credit | Spring)

This course will focus on reading and analyzing all kinds of sports literature, writing intelligently about the sporting scene, and discussing some of the connections between sports and life. Novels, biographies, short stories, essays, newspaper columns, magazine articles, TV and radio broadcasts, movies, the internet, and any other medium of communication will be studied with the theme of sports always in mind.

Desktop Publishing (.5 Credit | Spring)

This course is an in-depth coverage of desktop publishing terminology, text editing, and use of design principles. Emphasis is on layout techniques, graphics, multiple page displays, and business applications. Students will be using multiple creative websites for creation of their projects. Students will create magazine covers and layouts, videos/movies of various topics, PowerPoint presentations, comic strips, etc., as well as creating the MLHS Tribal Yearbook. This class covers both semesters of the school year, but can be taken for one semester if the situation warrants.


Jodi Lonker | Dacy Woods | Nick Schmidt

ACT Math Prep

Familiarize students with the test required from admission by many universities. Well-prepared students are more likely to score higher on the ACT, which may increase their changes of receiving scholarships and enable them to have more options when selecting a college.


Pre-Algebra courses increase students’ foundational math skills and prepare them for Algebra I by covering a variety of topics, such as properties of rational numbers (i.e., number theory), ratio, proportion, estimation, exponents and radicals, the rectangular coordinate system, sets and logic, formulas, and solving first-degree equations and inequalities.

Algebra I

Prerequisites - Pre-Algebra

Topics introduced in Algebra 1 provide the foundation students require for future success in high school mathematics, critical thinking, and problem solving. The primary goal in Algebra 1 is to help students transfer their concrete mathematical knowledge to more abstract algebraic generalizations. The concepts learned in Algebra I include: working with rational numbers, various expressions, linear equations and inequalities, solving systems of equations, exponents and exponential functions, polynomials, and quadratic functions. Students who complete Algebra I are ready for Geometry.

Business Math

Business Math courses reinforce basic math skills (such as arithmetic using rational numbers, measurements, ratio and proportions, and basic statistics) and apply these skills to consumer problems and situations. Applications typically include budgeting, taxation, credit, banking services, insurance, home and car ownership and rental, managing personal income, and investments; as well as making business decisions related to personnel, inventory, and sales/marketing, and managing business finances.


Geometry will guide you through topics that include points, lines, planes, angles, parallel lines, triangles, similarity, trigonometry, quadrilaterals, transformations, circles, and area. We will work with 3-D and 2-D shapes and use hands-on activities to relate the subject of geometry to real world applications along with readying students for the next math course they engaged in.

Algebra II

Prerequisites - Algebra I & Geometry

This course is designed to build on algebraic and geometric concepts learned in Algebra I and Geometry. Algebra 2 creates a foundation of mathematics for higher level math courses. It develops advanced algebra skills in topics of systems of equations, polynomials and quadratics, inverses and radical functions, imaginary and complex numbers, and exponential and logarithmic functions. Algebra II also explores probability and statistics and trigonometric functions. The content of this course is important for students’ success on both the ACT and college mathematics entrance exams. Students who complete Algebra II should take Pre-Calculus next.

Pre-Calculus (Advanced Math)

The study of trigonometry involves learning how trigonometric functions such as the sine or cosine of an angle, can be used to work out the angles and dimensions of a particular shape. We will relate this to real world applications and solve problems concerning situations outside of the classroom. This course will also include algebraic content and solving equations that may include trig identities.

College Algebra

.5 high school credit hour/3 college credit hours | ONLY ONLINE AT THIS TIME

Course topics include (but are not limited to) operations with rational and irrational expressions, linear equations and inequalities, quadratic equations, solving systems of linear and quadratic equations, properties of higher degree equations, and operations with rational and irrational exponents. The course may introduce topics in discrete math, elementary probability and statistics; matrices and determinants; and sequences and series.


1 high school credit hour/5 college credit hours

This course will be covering the fundamental concepts of single variable calculus and their applications. Topics in this course are functions and graphing, limits and continuity, derivatives, derivative applications, integrals, applications of integration, and integration by substitution. Concepts of differential and integral calculus as applied to trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, and transcendental functions are included.

Natural Sciences

Jake Bjostad | Lily Rhea | James Manning



Biology is designed as an introductory science class for incoming freshmen. The course mainly covers the foundation of life on earth. The class is full of projects and labs. There are multiple units that focus on DNA, genetics, cell function, and ecology. This course also provides an intro to Chemistry and Anatomy. There are no prerequisites for Biology, as it is the first science class students will take at MLHS.

Integrated Science

Either Integrated Science OR Chemistry is required

The specific content of Integrated Science courses varies, but they draw upon the principles of several scientific specialties—earth science, physical science, biology, chemistry, and physics—and organize the material around thematic units. Common themes covered include systems, models, energy, patterns, change, and constancy. These courses use appropriate aspects from each specialty to investigate applications of the theme.


Either Integrated Science OR Chemistry is required

Chemistry courses involve studying the composition, properties, and reactions of substances. These courses typically explore such concepts as the behaviors of solids, liquids, and gases; acid/base and oxidation/reduction reactions; and atomic structure. Chemical formulas and equations and nuclear reactions are also studied.


1 Credit

Earth Science courses offer insight into the environment on earth and the earth’s environment in space. While presenting the concepts and principles essential to students’ understanding of the dynamics and history of the earth, these courses usually explore oceanography, geology, astronomy, meteorology, and geography.



Astronomy is designed for students interested in space. This course will focus on the relationship between space and time. The course will focus on star cycles, concept of time on Earth vs. Space, origin of life, extraterrestrial life, and black holes. This class will be a great introduction for chemistry, taught through the perspective of space. Prerequisite for this class is Biology.


Physics courses involve the study of the forces and laws of nature affecting matter, such as equilibrium, motion, momentum, and the relationships between matter and energy. The study of physics includes examination of sound, light, and magnetic and electric phenomena.

Human Anatomy and Physiology

A&P is built for Juniors and Seniors who are interested in going into the medical field or another body-associated profession. This course focuses on the human body. The foundation is learning the bone structure and physiology, then moving to muscles, and then moving to organ systems. Students in A&P will tour a cadaver lab as well as perform a dissection for each organ system. The prerequisite for A&P is completing Biology and Chemistry with at least a B average between those two courses.

Sports Medicine

Sports Medicine is designed for students who are interested in learning more about physical training. This class is a great pairing for students who are taking a weights class because this course will focus on Diet, Training, and injury prevention. The course is built to teach students about their bodies from the perspective of an athlete. The only prerequisite is Biology.

Social Sciences

James Manning | Jordan Poland | Patricia Cargill

World History


In addition to covering the objectives of World History—Overview courses, World History and Geography courses provide an overview of world geography. These courses are often developed in response to increased national concern regarding the importance of geography, and they explore geographical concepts.

American History


U.S. History—Comprehensive courses provide students with an overview of the history of the United States, examining time periods from discovery or colonialism through World War II or after. These courses typically include a historical overview of political, military, scientific, and social developments. Course content may include a history of the North American peoples before European settlement.


Required | 3 college credit hours available (optional)

U.S. Government—Comprehensive courses provide an overview of the structure and functions of the U.S. government and political institutions and examine constitutional principles, the concepts of rights and responsibilities, the role of political parties and interest groups, and the importance of civic participation in the democratic process. These courses may examine the structure and function of state and local governments and may cover certain economic and legal topics.

Street Law

.5 credit

Simulated Political Process courses provide students with the opportunity to confront and resolve national and international issues by mirroring local, national, or international governmental bodies. These courses focus on government and international relations, conflict resolution, and policies and procedures of government. Course topics may include simulations of jury trials and national or international governmental organizations.

Conspiracy Theory

Political Science courses approach the study of politics from a theoretical perspective, including an examination of the role of government and the nature of political behavior, political power, and political action.

Medicine Lodge History

Kansas History

State-Specific Studies courses examine the history, politics, economics, society, and/or cultures of one state in the United States. This course may focus primarily on the history of that state or may take an interdisciplinary approach to the contemporary issues affecting it.

Current Events

Contemporary World Issues courses enable students to study political, economic, and social issues facing the world. These courses may focus on current issues, examine selected issues throughout the 20th century, and look at historical causes or possible solutions

Cultural Studies

Spanish conversation and culture courses provide students an introduction to the Spanish language and the culture of the Spanish-speaking people, placing greater emphasis on speaking and listening skills while de-emphasizing writing and language.


Central Office - 620.886.3370Junior Senior High School - 620.886.5667Grade School - 620.886.5608