Language ARts

Cheri Dohrmann | Mel Hrencher | Heather Smith

Intro to Language and Literacy (Grade 9)

required if teacher recommended

English Language and Literature—Supplemental courses, designed to be taken in addition to or in coordination with other English language and literature courses, provide instruction to assist students in acquiring English language arts skills so that students attain necessary grade-level skills or reach a desired competency level.

Language and Literacy 1 (Grade 9)

English/Language Arts I courses build upon students’ prior knowledge of grammar, vocabulary, word usage, and the mechanics of writing and usually include the four aspects of language use: reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Typically, these courses introduce and define various genres of literature, with writing exercises often linked to reading selections.

Language and Literacy 2 (Grade 10)

English/Language Arts II courses usually offer a balanced focus on composition and literature. Typically, students learn about the alternate aims and audiences of written compositions by writing persuasive, critical, and creative multi-paragraph essays and compositions. Through the study of various genres of literature, students can improve their reading rate and comprehension and develop the skills to determine the author’s intent and theme and to recognize the techniques used by the author to deliver his or her message. Students continue to read and study works of American Literature.

Language & Literacy 3 (Grade 11)

English/Language Arts III courses continue to develop students’ writing skills, emphasizing clear, logical writing patterns, word choice, and usage, as students write essays and begin to learn the techniques of writing research papers. Students continue to read and study works of American Literature, which often forms the backbone of the writing assignments. Literary conventions and stylistic devices may receive greater emphasis than in previous courses.

Language & Literacy 4 (Grade 12)

English/Language Arts IV courses blend composition and literature into a cohesive whole as students write critical and comparative analyses of selected literature, continuing to develop their language arts skills. Typically, students primarily write multi-paragraph essays, but their major writing assignment is their autobiography.

Desktop Publishing

Publication Production courses provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary to produce the school newspaper, yearbook, literary magazine, or other printed publication. Students may gain experience in several components (writing, editing, layout, production, and so on) or may focus on a single aspect while producing the publication.

College English (Grade 12)

1 high school credit/6 college credit hours | Composition 1: 3 hours & Composition 2: 3 hours

Following the College Board’s suggested curriculum designed to parallel college-level English courses, Composition courses enable students to develop critical standards for evaluating literature. Students study the language, character, action, and theme in works of recognized literary merit; enrich their understanding of connotation, metaphor, irony, syntax, and tone; and write compositions of their own (including literary analysis, exposition, argument, narrative, and creative writing).


Mathematics

Jodi Lonker | Dacy Woods | Greenbush

ACT Math Prep

Familiarize students with the test required from admission by many universities. Well-prepared students are more likely to score higher on the ACT, which may increase their changes of receiving scholarships and enable them to have more options when selecting a college.

Pre-Algebra


Pre-Algebra courses increase students’ foundational math skills and prepare them for Algebra I by covering a variety of topics, such as properties of rational numbers (i.e., number theory), ratio, proportion, estimation, exponents and radicals, the rectangular coordinate system, sets and logic, formulas, and solving first-degree equations and inequalities.

Algebra I

Algebra I courses include the study of properties and operations of the real number system; evaluating rational algebraic expressions; solving and graphing first degree equations and inequalities; translating word problems into equations; operations with and factoring or polynomials; and solving simple quadratic equations.

Business Math

Business Math courses reinforce basic math skills (such as arithmetic using rational numbers, measurements, ratio and proportions, and basic statistics) and apply these skills to consumer problems and situations. Applications typically include budgeting, taxation, credit, banking services, insurance, home and car ownership and rental, managing personal income, and investments; as well as making business decisions related to personnel, inventory, and sales/marketing, and managing business finances.

Geometry

Geometry courses, emphasizing an abstract, formal approach to the study of geometry, typically include topics such as properties of plane and solid figures; deductive methods of reasoning and use of logic; geometry as an axiomatic system including the study of postulates, theorems, and formal proofs; concepts of congruence, similarity, parallelism, perpendicularity, and proportion; and rules of angle measurement in triangles.

Algebra II

Algebra II course topics typically include field properties and theorems; set theory; operations with rational and irrational expressions; factoring of rational expressions; in-depth study of linear equations and inequalities; quadratic equations; solving systems of linear and quadratic equations; graphing of constant, linear, and quadratic equations; properties of higher degree equations; and operations with rational and irrational exponents.

Pre-Calculus (Advanced Math)

Pre-Calculus courses combine the study of Trigonometry, Elementary Functions, Analytical Geometry, and Math Analysis topics as preparation for calculus. Topics typically include the study of complex numbers; polynomial, logarithmic, exponential, rational, right trigonometric, and circular functions, and their relations, inverses and graphs; trigonometric identities and equations; solutions of right and oblique triangles; vectors; the polar coordinate system; conic sections; Boolean algebra and symbolic logic; mathematical induction; matrix algebra; sequences and series; and limits and continuity.

College Algebra

.5 high school credit hour/3 college credit hours | ONLY ONLINE AT THIS TIME

Course topics include (but are not limited to) operations with rational and irrational expressions, linear equations and inequalities, quadratic equations, solving systems of linear and quadratic equations, properties of higher degree equations, and operations with rational and irrational exponents. The course may introduce topics in discrete math, elementary probability and statistics; matrices and determinants; and sequences and series.

Trigonometry

.5 high school credit hour/3 college credit hours | ONLY ONLINE AT THIS TIME

Trigonometry courses prepare students for eventual work in calculus and typically include the following topics; trigonometric and circular functions; their inverses and graphs; relations among the parts of a triangle; trigonometric identities and equations; solutions of right and oblique triangles; and complex numbers.

Calculus

1 high school credit hour/5 college credit hours | ONLY ONLINE AT THIS TIME

Calculus courses include the study of derivatives, differentiation, integration, the definite and indefinite integral, and applications of calculus. Typically, students have previously attained knowledge of pre-calculus topics (some combination of trigonometry, elementary functions, analytic geometry, and math analysis).

Natural Sciences

Jake Bjostad | John Kirkbride

Biology

Required

Biology courses are designed to provide information regarding the fundamental concepts of life and life processes. These courses include (but are not restricted to) such topics as cell structure and function, general plant and animal physiology, genetics, and taxonomy.

General Chemistry

Either General Chemistry OR Chemistry is required

Conceptual Chemistry courses are practical, non-quantitative chemistry courses designed for students who desire an understanding of chemical concepts and applications.

Chemistry

Either General Chemistry OR Chemistry is required

Chemistry courses involve studying the composition, properties, and reactions of substances. These courses typically explore such concepts as the behaviors of solids, liquids, and gases; acid/base and oxidation/reduction reactions; and atomic structure. Chemical formulas and equations and nuclear reactions are also studied.

Introduction to Physics and Engineering

.5 credit | required

Conceptual Physics courses introduce students to the use of chemicals, characteristic properties of materials, and simple mechanics to better describe the world and nonliving matter. The courses emphasize precise measurements and descriptive analysis of experimental results. Topics covered may include energy and motion, electricity, magnetism, heat, the structure of matter, and how matter reacts to materials and forces. (FOR INFORMATIONAL USE ONLY, THIS COURSE WILL NOT BE OFFERED/REQUIRED UNTIL 2020-2021.)

Earth and Space Science

Elective

Earth Science courses offer insight into the environment on earth the earth’s environment in space. While presenting the concepts and principles essential to students’ understanding of the dynamics and history of the earth, these courses usually explore oceanography, geology, astronomy, meteorology, and geography.

Earth and Space Science

.5 credit | Required

Earth Science courses offer insight into the environment on earth the earth’s environment in space. While presenting the concepts and principles essential to students’ understanding of the dynamics and history of the earth, these courses usually explore oceanography, geology, astronomy, meteorology, and geography. (FOR INFORMATIONAL USE ONLY, THIS COURSE WILL NOT BE OFFERED/REQUIRED UNTIL 2020-2021.)

Advanced Chemistry

Chemistry-Independent Study courses, often conducted with instructors as mentors, enable students to explore scientific topics of interest, using advanced methods of scientific inquiry and experimentation. These courses may be offered in conjunction with other rigorous science courses or may serve as an opportunity to explore a topic of special interest.

Physics

Physics courses involve the study of the forces and laws of nature affecting matter, such as equilibrium, motion, momentum, and the relationships between matter and energy. The study of physics includes examination of sound, light, and magnetic and electric phenomena.

Human Anatomy and Physiology

Usually taken after a comprehensive initial study of biology, Anatomy and Physiology courses present the human body and biological systems in more detail. In order to understand the structure of the human body and its functions, students learn anatomical terminology, study cells and tissues, explore functional systems (skeletal, muscular, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, reproductive, nervous, and so on) and may dissect mammals. Students MUST complete a full year of regular Chemistry prior to enrolling in Anatomy.

Social Sciences

Phil Sill | Josh Ybarra

World History

Required

World History-Overview courses provide students with an overview of the history of human society from early civilization to the contemporary period, examining political, economic, social, religious, military, scientific, and cultural developments. World History-Overview courses may include geographical studies, but often these components are not as explicitly taught as geography.

American History

Required | 3 college credit hours available (optional)

Modern U.S. History courses examine the history of the United States from the Civil War or Reconstruction era through the present time. These courses typically include a historical review of political, military, scientific, and social developments. Contemporary U.S. Issues courses study the political, economic, and social issues facing the United States, with or without an emphasis on state and local issues. These courses may focus on current issues or may examine selected issues that span throughout the 20th century to the present.

Government

Required | 3 college credit hours available (optional)

U.S. Government-Comprehensive courses provide an overview of the structure and functions of the U.S. government and political institutions and examine constitutional principles, the concepts of rights and responsibilities, the role of political parties and interest groups, and the importance of civic participation in the democratic process. These courses may examine the structure and function of state and local governments and may cover certain economic and legal topics.

Geography

.5 credit

World Geography courses provide students with an overview of world geography, but may vary widely in the topics they cover. Topics typically include the physical environment; the political landscape; the relationship between people and the land; economic production and development; and the movement of people, goods, and ideas. Focusing on the five themes of Geography as a base.

BARBER COUNTY NORTH | USD 254

Central Office - 620.886.3370Junior Senior High School - 620.886.5667Grade School - 620.886.5608